O ESPECTADOR ESPANTADO/THE AMAZED SPECTATOR – WORLD PREMIERE IFFRotterdam 2016.
Film by Edgar Pêra
Production Rodrigo Areias/Bando À Parte.
Interviews with Laura Mulvey, Eduardo Lourenço, Augusto M. Seabra, Olaf Möller, Laura Rascaroli, Guy Maddin, F.J. Ossang, Wanda Strauven, André Gaudreault, Toby Miller, Henry Jenkins, among others.
With Diana Sá, Miguel Borges, Valdemar Santos and many other spect-actors.
Original Musica Jorge Prendas
“To be amazed is to interrogate, to question.”. THE AMAZED SPECTATOR is a kino-investigation about spectatorship, a continuous conversation between different kinds of spectators: Which one is more cinema? – Citizen Kane on a mobile phone or a football game projected in a cinema theatre? What is the Cinema of Uncertainty? How many kinds of Amazement exist? Does Fear and Belief precede Amazement? What are the rights and duties of the Spectator? Is the Essay Film a manifesto against voyeurism? Should spectators be paid? What amazes the spectator of this day and age?
“The battle is on the screen”. Mixing projected interviews (with film critics, academics, filmmakers and cinephiles) with actions shot in cinema theatres, THE AMAZED SPECTATOR is a 3D film that crosses genres and dimensions, between essay and manifesto, expressionism and trans-realism.
Laura Mulvey is a film theorist engaged with questions such as spectatorial identification and its relationship to the male gaze. Her 1975 essay Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema, helped establish feminist film theory as a legitimate field of study of cinema. She co-wroted and co-directed with her husband, Peter Wollen, theoretical films concerned with psychoanalysis, semiotics, feminist theory and politics. Their most influential work is Riddles of the Sphinx (1977), an avant-garde film that makes us experience the female gaze, searching for an identity, through its remarkable 360-degree pans. After Frida Kahlo and Tina Modotti (1982) and The Bad Sister (1982), Mulvey did not return to filmmaking until 1991 with her own project Disgraced Monuments, an examination of the fate of revolutionary monuments in the Soviet Union after the fall of communism. Laura Mulvey is also Professor of Film and Media Studies at Birkbeck College,University of London. Her last book was published in 2005: Death 24 X A Second is a reflection about the evolution of spectatorship, stillness, manipulation and uncertainty.
Eduardo Lourenço is the most renowned essayist in the Portuguese language, awarded with many prizes and distinctions. His books – Heterodoxy (1949), Fernando Pessoa Revisited (1973), The Labyrinth of Longing (1978), Fernando, King of Our Bavaria (1986), We and Europe (1988), among others – are crucial for the study of Portuguese cultural identityEduardo Lourenço established a dialogue between international philosophy and portuguese reality, always concerned about themes such as our historical consciousness. He is also a literary critic and scholar who taught at a number of universities, including Nice, where he was Mâitre de Conférences. He is one of the first members of the Editorial Board of Pessoa Plural – A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies.
AUGUSTO M. SEABRA
Augusto M. Seabra is the most important living portuguese cinema critic. He wrote to the portuguese newspapers Expresso and Público, among others. Seabra has been a regular presence in film festivals, jury in Cannes, San Sebastian and Turin. He was the president of Saldanha Cultural Association and director of programme of Monumental Festivals 1995 and 1996. Seabra was also commissioner of OrquestrUtópica concerts – “Metropolis – Música e Política” e “BMC – NYC, Black Mountain College – New York City”. He has been programmer for DocLisboa Film festival since 2007.
Olaf Möller is one of the most celebrated international new wave critics, a writer and curator. His texts are published in many formats, in the world’s most important film magazines, and in the catalogues of various film festivals (where he is also a valued and charismatic presence). Möller is an extraordinary expert of film cultures and worldwide cinema, with a unique capacity to put together cinema tradition and the impetus of new films. The “Indiana Jones of Lost Cinematographies”, Olaf Möller has already reached a cult status, and one of the main reasons for it has something to do with his rare talent to lead us into new, surprising and fascinating themes.
André Gaudreault, one of the masters in the study of the beginning of cinema, is a researcher in Cinema Studies, specialized in History and Theory of Film. He’s also professor at Montréal University. In 1997, Gaudreault founded le Centre de Recherche sur l’Intermédialité (CRI), which he directed until 2005. He was one of the five founders and first president of Domitor, International Association for the development and research of the early cinema. In 2007, he founded, with Denis Héroux, The Cinema Observatory of Québec. He’s co-author, with Tom Gunning, of the renowned text: “Le cinéma des premiers temps: un défi à l’histoire du cinéma?”, the basis of the cinema of attractions concept.
Guy Maddin is a very singular canadian filmmaker. His creative, dreamlike obscure works challenge spectator’s sensibilities and imagination. He has numerous shorts and 11 feature films. His ballet film Dracula – Pages From A Virgin’s Diary (2002) won many prizes including an Emmy Award. Some of his most acclaimed films are The Saddest Music in the World (2003), My Winnipeg (2007), and the US National Society of Film Critics Best Experimental Film Prize- winner Archangel (1990).
F.J. Ossang is a cine-poet: Filmmmaker, writer and a musician, born in the Cantal on 7 August 1956. Subject of a retrospective at International Film Festival Rotterdam, 25 January – 5 February 2011. Ossang has nine albums with his band, MKB (Messageros Killer Boys). He wrote more than twenty books including De la destruction pure (1977),Corpus d’octobre (1980), Descente aux tombeaux (1992), Unité 101 (2006) Génération néant (1993) and Mercure Insolent (2015). In 2011 there was a retrospective of his work at the IFFRotterdam. Dharma Guns (La Sucession Starkov) is his last feature.
Henry Jenkins is the author and editor of books about media and popular culture. Jenkins is the principal investigator for Project New Media Literacies (NML), a group which originated as part of the MacArthur Digital Media and Learning Initiative. At MIT, he was one of the principal investigators for The Education Arcade, a consortium of educators and business leaders working to promote the educational use of computer and video games. Jenkins plays a very important role as a public advocate for fans, gamers and bloggers; signing amicus briefs in opposition to games censorship; and speaking to the media about aspects of media change and popular culture. Henry Jenkins is also the Provost’s Professor of Communication, Journalism, and Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California. He is currently co-authoring a book on “spreadable media” with Sam Ford and Joshua Green.
Laura Rascaroli is Professor and Co-Head of the Discipline of Film and Screen Media at University College Cork, where she lectures on European and World Cinema and on film theory on the BA in Film and Screen Media, the MA in Film Studies, the MA in Women’s Studies, and degrees of the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures. Rascaroli has an important track record of scholarly publications, collaborative research, project management, and conference organization. Rascaroli is a reviewer for many international journals and publishers, a member of the editorial boards of Italian Studies: Italian Cultural Studies, the Journal of Italian Cinema and Media Studies, and others more. Laura Rascaroli is currently under contract with Oxford University Press for a monograph entitled How the Essay Film Thinks. Her research interests span art film, modernism and postmodernism, spatiality and geopolitics,nonfiction, film theory, the essay film, autobiographical and first-person cinema.
Wanda Strauven is the author of Marinetti e il cinema (Udine: Campanotto, 2006). Strauven edited Mind the Screen (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2008), The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006) and Homo Orthopedicus (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2001). She is affiliate associate professor at the University of Amsterdam and she is also visiting professor at Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan and Goethe University Frankfurt. Her research and teaching interests include early cinema, Italian futurism, media archaeology, the history of tactile media and children’s creative interaction with media.
Toby Miller is a British-Australian-US interdisciplinary social scientist. He is a frequent guest commentator on television and radio programs, the author and editor of over 30 books, has published essays in more than 100 journals and edited collections. His teaching and research cover the media, gender, race, citizenship, politics, and cultural policy, as well as the worldwide success of Hollywood and the adverse effects of electronic waste. Among his books, SportSex and A Companion to Film Theory were a Choice Outstanding Title for 2002 and 2004. Toby Miller taught at Murdoch, Griffith University, and the University of New South Wales and was a professor at New York University from 1993 to 2004. Miller was Distinguished Professor of Media & Cultural Studies at UCR until the end of 2013 and is now Professor of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies at the University of Cardiff and Sir Walter Murdoch Professor of Cultural Policy Studies at Murdoch University.
Graduated in Clinic Psychology at Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (Lisbon). Master(M.Sc),with distinction, in Psychology (Neuro-psychology) at Université Catholique de Louvain (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium). Specialized in Neuro-psychology at the department of Neuro-psychology, das Cliniques Universitaires St. Luc. (Belgium) and Laboratoire de Neuropsychologie (Université, Bordeuax II, France). Professor of Introduction to the Life Sciences and psychopharmathology at Lisbon Universidade Lusíada. Coordinator of the Neuro-psychology unity of Lisbon Psychiatric Hospital. Manuel Domingos is author of more than 120 articles and books about Neuro-psychology (clinic and experimental), Neuro-science, Dementia, Psychopathology, Criminal Neuro Psychology, etc.. He’s also a member of many national and international Scientific and Humanistic associations.
Manuel Rodfrigues is a “elementaristic” writer, poet and thinker. In 1984, Rodrigues completed his degree in Philosophy in Lisbon Faculdade de Letras, where he also did a Master’s Degree in Contemporary Philosophy with the thesis «Sophia momentanea – Criação e Liberdade na filosofia de Vladimir Jankélévitch». After having taught high school Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology between 1986 and 1992, he was in charge of many subjects of study at Universidade Lusófona. He is the teacher of Aesthetics in Ar.Co (Art and Visual Communication Center) since 1993. His published books are Ode Celeste (2003), Múrice (2015) and Colares (2015).
Benoit Michel, a Belgian engineer born in 1950, is author of more than 20 technical books on microcomputing, cinema, and stereoscopy. In 1989, Michel co-founded Neurones, one of the first 3D cartoon studios in Europe. Later he switched to R&D project management in telecommunications, digital cinema human-machine interaction, and multimedia and is now at UCL, focusing on stereoscopic and 3D imaging. He is now working on InVivo/IGT a medical imaging project, improving the way 3D images are driving proton therapy machines to cure cancer. He’s also working as a consultant for the European Commission, the TWIST cluster of Walloon companies. He’s a member of the editorial board of ERCIM News, and the editor of the free StereoscopyNews newsletter. Benoit co-founded The European Spaceward Association, a non-profit association with a goal to preserve and improve life on earth by going into space.
Marina Turco is a researcher at the Institute for Cultural Inquiry (ICON) at the Utrecht University. Turco has been working as an art historian, curator and writer in the field of new media and culture in Italy and in The Netherlands, publishing on the relationship between video art and television, live performance and narrative, and “intermedial performance” since 1998. In her dissertation-book Dancing Images: Text, Technology and Cultural Participation in the “Communicative Dispositif“ of VJing she explores the phenomenon of live video performances in the context of dance parties, from an anthropological and aesthetic vantage point (drawing on Habermas’ theory of communicative action). Marina Turco is currently interested in how the “digital universe” gives form to specific structures of thought and action, particularly in relation with issues of identity,privacy, and control.
Paula Sequeiros is a post-doctoral researcher at the Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra and a researcher at the Institute of Sociology, University of Porto, Portugal. In 1980, she completed her graduation in History at University of Porto, and in 2010 she did a PhD in Sociology with the thesis Ler uma biblioteca nas inscrições de leitores, espaço e Internet – usos e representações de biblioteca pública (Read a library in the readers inscriptions, space and internet – uses and representations of the public library), University of Porto. Her research interests include social studies of public libraries and the sociology of reading.
Professor of Philosophy in Lisbon Faculdade de Letras, where he works with themes such as Philosophy of religion and Portuguese Philosophy. In 2000, he finished his PhD with a dissertation about the portuguese poet Teixeira de Pascoaes. Borges has dedicated his life to writing books, translating, meditating, animal politics, and studying the spirit and philosophy of the Portuguese culture. His work is under the influence of two great Portuguese thinkers: Fernando Pessoa and Agostinho da Silva.
As a researcher, Fátima Chinita is nowadays connected with the Center of Research IMS – Intermedia and Intermodality Studies in Väjxö, Sweden, and with Labcom IFP, Covilhã, Portugal, where she did a PhD in Inter-Arts studies and meta-narrativity. Fátima is Professor of Filmic Studies and Production, and Cinema Narratives at Escola Superior de Teatro e Cinema since 1995. She’s the author of the book O Espectador (In)visível – Reflexividade na Óptica do Espectador em INLAND EMPIRE The/(In)visivel Spectator, published by LABCOM. She’s also a regular presence at cinema conferences where she writes and speaks about metacinema, narratives, spectatorship studies, authorial studies and intermedialities.